"Without a good education there are no good workers ... good citizens ... good Chileans". The meaning of education in the modernizing project of the Chilean Dictatorship (1979-1981)

 

Abstract:

This article aims to understand the pedagogical discourse that gave meaning to the educational project of the Chilean Dictatorship (1973-1990). The hypothesis is that the pedagogical discourse consolidated between 1979 and 1981 was dominated by the idea that the education should inculcate: (a) functional skills and values ​​to the neoliberal labor market; (b) civic obedience useful to the authoritarian government; (c) and conservative nationalism. This took place in three instances: the dissemination of the Presidential Directive on National Education in March 1979, the promulgation of the 1980 dictatorial Constitution, and the publication of new school plans and programs between 1980 and 1981. At the analytical level, we use the idea of pedagogical discourse raised by the educational sociologist Basil Bernstein. In order to reconstruct the process we have analyzed official documentation and press.

 

Keywords:

Military dictatorship - pedagogical discourse - school plans and programs.