For years the history of education in Mexico has argued that the school of action, inspired by the American pragmatist philosopher John Dewey, was fundamental in shaping the public education system. This article, on the other hand, argues that a careful analysis of the concept, as well as the way in which it was applied, would allow us to establish that the term “new school” or “of the action” was amphibiological and included several schools and even different educational systems, sometimes contradictory, that were even linked to divergent ideological and political projects, for which we analyzed the different uses of the concept over four decades and the various stages through which it crossed the Mexican educational system.



New school, school of action, child-centered, posrevolution.